History of the World Council of Enterostomal Therapists (WCET)
The evolution of Enterostomal Therapy nursing is attributed to the visions of two very dedicated pioneers: Dr Rupert Turnbull, a colorectal surgeon at the Cleveland Clinic in the USA and Norma N. Gill, a former patient who had undergone stoma surgery. Both were visionary in their belief that there was a need for specialized nursing care for those individuals who had undergone ostomy surgery. Hence, Enterostomal Therapy was founded in the 1970’s.
June 26 is the WCET Norma N. Gill Day!
The WCET was formally founded on May 18, 1978 when 30 Enterostomal Therapists, representing 15 countries and 20 industry representatives attended the first two-day congress held in Milan, Italy. This meeting was undertaken in conjunction with the International Ostomy Association (IOA). Norma N. Gill from the USA was the first WCET President.
This first forum of Enterostomal Therapists represented a group of people from around the globe, some of whom were not nurses. They shared a passion for their field of work, dedication to the needs of people undergoing stoma surgery and a driving motivation to ensure continual improvement in a relatively new field of nursing. Because of the dedication of the initial WCET members, global communication lines were established among Enterostomal Therapists locally, nationally and internationally. This desire for constant advancement continues today and is driving Enterostomal Therapy Nursing into the future.
The WCET celebrated 30 years of advancement in Enterostomal Therapy Nursing in 2008 and is proud of the standards now offered in international Enterostomal Therapy Nursing care. The WCET is committed to serving the needs of patients and health professionals and is focused on providing a global forum for international debate, discussion and ideas. The WCET actively encourages members to contribute to the WCET Journal, share Enterostomal Therapy Best Practice news and techniques and participate in the WCET Congress.
Enterostomal Therapy Nursing can source its origins to the United States in the late 1950's when the first Enterostomal Therapy educational program was initiated by Dr Rupert Turnbull and Norma N. Gill. Initially, education was directed to patients who had undergone ostomy surgery. It rapidly grew to include candidates from all over the world. In 1961 a formal ostomy rehabilitation education program was established and the term Enterostomal Therapist (ET) allocated to the graduates.
The 1970's saw the significance of Enterostomal Therapy as a nursing specialty recognized internationally and embraced by Australia, Canada, Great Britain, New Zealand and South Africa. Norma N. Gill aspired that health professionals interested in stoma care should unite into a worldwide association. In 1975 she initiated a movement to organize a formal group by contacting other international pioneers in stoma care. On 6 October 1976 eleven representatives met for the first time in the UK.
Enterostomal Therapists have always had close links with industry and a distinctive association in shared goal achievement. It is one of the few arenas where the opinions and needs of the professionals are actively sought out by the industry suppliers in a uniquely collaborative relationship. This has been true from the very inception of Enterostomal Therapy Nursing as demonstrated by the fact that a meeting with industry representatives took place on the same day. The need for open lines of communication between different countries and suppliers was apparent. It was felt that the representatives would be more familiar with such details as the effects of climate on equipment, the issues of international transport of supplies and import taxes levied by different countries.
The first forum was held in Milan in 1978. At the time of the second conference, which was held in Düsseldorf in 1979, the WCET membership had increased to over 130 members, representing 17 countries.
The third annual WCET Congress was held in Cleveland, Ohio, USA in 1980. There were 300 delegates from 20 countries in attendance, prompting Norma N. Gill, our founder, to exclaim "thereʼs no stopping now”.
At the WCET Congress held in Ljubljana, Slovenia in 2008, there were 1296 attendees from 47 countries.
To date the WCET congresses have taken place in:
1978 Milan, Italy
1979 Düsseldorf, Germany
1980 Cleveland, Ohio, USA
1982 Munich, Germany
1984 Transkei, Southern Africa
1986 Perth, Australia
1988 Gothenburg, Sweden
1990 Toronto, Canada
1992 Lyon, France
1994 Yokohama, Japan
1996 Jerusalem, Israel
1998 Brighton, England
2002 Florence, Italy
2004 Florianopolis, Brazil
2006 Hong Kong, China
2008 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2010 Phoenix, Arizona, USA
2012 Adelaide, Australia
2014 Gothenburg, Sweden
2016 Cape Town, South Africa
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